The type of skin is influenced by genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors and, therefore, by changing some behaviours it is possible to improve skin health, making it more hydrated, nourished, luminous and with a younger appearance. For this, it is important to know the skin type well, in order to make better decisions regarding the choice of daily care.
One of the tools that can help determine your skin type is the Baumann System, which is a classification method that was developed by dermatologist Leslie. This system is based on four evaluation parameters: oiliness, sensitivity, pigmentation and tendency to develop wrinkles. Among the combination of these parameters, it is possible to determine 16 different skin types.
To be able to determine the type of Baumann skin, the person must answer a questionnaire, the result of which evaluates 4 different parameters, can be used as a guide to choose the most suitable products.
The skin type classification system is based on four parameters that assess whether the skin is dry (D) or oily (O), pigmented (P) or non-pigmented (N), sensitive (S) or resistant (R) and with wrinkles (W) or firm (T), and each of these results is assigned a letter, which corresponds to the initial letter of the English word.
How to know the skin type
To find out what your skin type is according to the Baumann system and which products are best for you, just you should read this article with keen eyesight. Here are some tips to assess your skin type. Oils test: Is my skin oily or dry?
Dry skin is characterized by insufficient sebum production or deficient skin barrier, which makes the skin more susceptible to losing water and becoming dehydrated. On the other hand, oily skin produces more sebum, being more protected from water loss and premature ageing, however, it can be more prone to suffering from acne.
Most people have skin that is more likely to be dry or oily. Notwithstanding, some may have blended skin, which is drier skin on the cheeks and slick on the brow, nose and jaw and feel that the items are not compelling enough. In these cases, you can fortify hydration and nourishment in the cheek region and use covers that help ingest oil just in the T region, for instance.
It is important to bear in mind that skin types due to hydrolipid characteristics are not necessarily static, that is, factors such as stress, pregnancy, menopause, exposure to different temperatures and climates can lead to changes in skin type. Therefore, you can retake the test whenever necessary.
Sensitivity test: Is my skin sensitive or resistant?
Sensitive skin can suffer from problems like acne, rosacea, burning and allergic reactions. On the other hand, resistant skin has a healthy stratum corneum, which protects it from allergens and other irritants and prevents it from losing a lot of water.
Resistant skins rarely suffer from acne problems, but even if they do, stronger formulations can be used to treat the problem, because there is no risk that the skin will react.
Pigmentation test: Is my skin pigmented or not?
This parameter measures the tendency that a person may have to develop hyperpigmentation, regardless of skin colour, although darker skins are more likely to manifest pigmented skin type.
This parameter identifies people with a history or propensity to suffer from changes in skin pigmentation, such as melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and solar freckles, which can be avoided or improved through the use of topical products and dermatological procedures.
Roughness test: Is my skin firm or does it have wrinkles?
This parameter measures the risk that the skin has to develop wrinkles, taking into account the daily behaviours that promote its formation, and the skin of family members, to determine the genetic influence. People with “W” skin do not necessarily have wrinkles when filling out the questionnaire but are at great risk of developing them.