During the summer it is common to wear little clothes and expose the skin to the sun, sea, sand, public pools and harmful substances, and this contact can cause skin disease.
Especially during the summer, it is recommended to use sunscreen, sunglasses, fresh clothes, open shoes daily, in addition to drinking plenty of water and avoiding sun exposure between 11 am and 4 pm. Some precautions are even more important, such as avoiding makeup and perfume when exposing yourself to the sun, as they can react and use some local allergic reaction.
See what they are, learn how to avoid them and what to do to combat the most common skin diseases of the summer:
The skin exposed to the sun is reddish and very sensitive to touch, which may indicate that the skin has been damaged and is burned by the sun’s rays. People with fair skin are usually the most exposed to try to get a darker colour and, therefore, are more likely to suffer from burns.
How to treat it
The symptoms can be relieved with the use of cold water compresses, pain relievers and soothing body lotions like Caladryl, for example. The skin tends to loosen after about 5 days and to avoid it it is advisable to drink plenty of water and avoid drying out the skin. However, if the skin starts to loosen, it is important to resist and not remove it, leaving it to leave alone, during the bath. The skin underneath is thinner and easier to burn and therefore must be protected with sunscreen.
See a list of some creams and ointments to pass on the burn.
Blackheads and whiteheads
Exposure to the sun and the heat of typical summer days tend to aggravate the skin’s oiliness, favouring the appearance of blackheads and pimples. It is common that on the first day of vacation, with sun exposure, the skin becomes a little drier, which seems to decrease the pimples, but the next day, the body’s natural response will be to increase the natural oiliness of the skin, worsening acne.
How to treat:
You should apply a sunscreen suitable for the face, because they are generally not oily. Washing your face with soap and using lotions suitable for acne also help to control these symptoms and leave your face free of blackheads and pimples. Anyone who is going to be exposed to the sun should also avoid squeezing blackheads and pimples so that the face is not stained. Check out other tips to fight acne.
The white cloth, scientifically known as beach ringworm or pityriasis Versicolor, is a change in the colour of the skin caused by infection by the fungus Malassezia furfur. Although this fungus is naturally present on human skin, the spots on the white cloth seem to appear especially in people with a genetic predisposition, appearing more frequently in the summer, due to the heat, humidity and greater oiliness of the skin.
How to treat:
The dermatologist may recommend the use of creams or lotions that must be applied daily until the complete elimination of the spots on the skin. See a good home remedy that can complement this treatment.
The geographic bug is a larva that penetrates the skin, causing itching and redness. The larva grows little by little but where it passes it leaves a visible and intense itchy trail. Usually, it is naturally cleared from the body in about 8 weeks, but since its symptoms can be quite uncomfortable, it is important to go to the doctor after observing your presence to start treatment.
How to treat:
A dermatologist should be consulted to start the use of a medicine for worms, such as Albendazole, which is effective in eliminating the skin larva, in addition to an ointment that must be applied on the affected area, to relieve itching. Check out all the treatment options for the geographic bug.
The rash is more common in babies and children on very hot days when the skin is moist due to sweat. The most affected areas are the neck, neck, chest, belly, back and the knees and elbows. In some cases, it can cause itching and the child becomes very irritable, crying for no apparent reason and losing the desire to play.
How to treat:
Specific treatment is usually not necessary but can be avoided by wearing fresh clothing and avoiding very hot and humid places. Putting a little bit of talc in the most affected areas can also help initially, but if the child perspires, the talc can make the situation worse.
See more on how to correctly identify and treat the rash.
Burn with lemon
The juice of citrus fruits in direct contact with the skin can cause a burn when it is exposed to the sun, causing a dark spot on the skin called. Although this type of burn is more common with lemon, orange, tangerine and grapefruit can also cause this type of injury.
After the burn, the area may be red,or blistered.