In the diabetes diet, you should avoid consuming simple sugar and foods rich in white flour. In addition, it is also necessary to reduce the consumption of large amounts of any food rich in carbohydrates, even if they are healthy, such as fruits, brown rice and oats.
This is because the excess carbohydrates in the same food stimulate the increase of glucose in the blood, which leads to uncontrolled diabetes. See more tips below:
Type 2 diabetes is the type that usually appears as a consequence of being overweight and a poor diet, which occurs in adulthood. It is easier to control and improves a lot with weight loss and regular physical activity.
Foods allowed in type 2 diabetes
The foods allowed in the diet for type 2 diabetes are those rich in fibre, protein and good fats, such as:
Whole grains: whole flour, rice and pasta, oatmeal, popcorn;
Legumes: beans, soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, peas;
Vegetables in general, except potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava and yams, since they have a high concentration of carbohydrates and should be consumed in small portions;
Meat in general, except processed meat, such as ham, turkey breast, sausages, sausages, bacon, bologna and salami;
Fruits in general, since it consumed 1 unit at a time;
Good fats: avocado, coconut, olive oil, coconut oil, and butter;
Oilseeds: chestnuts, peanuts, hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds;
Milk and dairy products, paying attention to choosing yoghurts without added sugar.
It is important to remember that tubers like potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, and yams are healthy foods, but because they are rich in carbohydrates, they should also be eaten in small amounts. The recommended amount of fruit
Because they have their natural sugar, called fructose, diabetics should consume fruits in small amounts. The recommended consumption is 1 serving of fruit at a time, which, in a simplified way, works in the following quantities:
1 medium unit of whole fruits, such as apple, banana, orange, tangerine, and pear;
2 thin slices of large fruits, such as watermelon, melon, papaya, and pineapple;
1 handful of small fruits, which yield about 8 units of grapes or cherries, for example;
1 tablespoon of dried fruit, such as raisins, prunes, and apricots.
Also, it is important to avoid eating fruits along with other carbohydrate-rich foods, such as tapioca, white rice, bread, and sweets. See more tips on recommended fruits for diabetes.
Banned foods in the diet for type 2 diabetes
Foods banned from the diet for type 2 diabetes are those rich in sugar or simple carbohydrates, such as:
Sugar and sweets in general;
Honey, fruit jam, marmalade, jam, confectionery and pastries;
Sweets in general, chocolates and sweets;
Sugary drinks, such as soft drinks, industrialized juices, chocolate milk;
It is important for diabetics to learn to read product labels before consuming them since sugar can be hidden in the form of glucose, glucose or corn syrup, fructose, maltose, maltodextrin, or invert sugar. See other foods in Foods rich in sugar. Type 1 diabetes diet
Type 1 diabetes is more serious and more difficult to control than type 2 diabetes. It usually arises in childhood and insulin is always required to regulate blood glucose.
As it is more difficult to control, the patient with type 1 diabetes must always be accompanied by the endocrinologist and nutritionist, since the number of carbohydrates in each meal must be well controlled and adjusted along with the dose of insulin to take.
In this type of diabetes, the patient must reduce the consumption of the same foods as patients with type 2 diabetes, but the amounts must be regulated according to the history of blood glucose and insulin use.